2. ROI (Return On Investment)
The system needs to bring operational and financial gains in various stages of the forest process. It is important to evaluate if the system solves problems that directly affect the company’s results, for example: an error in measuring the area of the plots can generate a deficit or an annual surplus of wood. In addition to an area error, the registry, without proper consistencies and updating and auditing procedures, may have errors of spacing, genetic material, soil type, age, management scheme, topography, distance; any short-term change in the cutting sequence should be evaluated in the long term for the verification of impacts and the search for new alternatives. The lack of integration of the harvesting process with roads, silviculture and inventory means that a change in the unreported cutting sequence enables unnecessary operations such as: maintenance of roads in areas that will no longer be cut, pre-cutting mowing operations or ant-fighting, and forest measurement for Pre-Cutting Inventory.
In addition to solving these problems, it is important to evaluate whether the system enables the processes standardization to guarantee the objectives’ alignment and task execution within the corporate established standards; controls the operations execution with quality, costs reduction, either by avoiding repeating operations or by avoiding the loss of productivity; performs an efficient management of service providers, thus allowing for operational gains, reduced costs and elimination of liabilities; controls forest management by always seeking to increase productivity and reduce costs by choosing the most appropriate management, operation, timing, procedure, equipment, resources, and genetic materials; conducts land use management to ensure the sustainability and profitability of forestry activity; makes logistical management that represents a very significant cost within the production chain and, finally, the automation of processes from the use of systems, mobile devices and automated processes to increase the level of detail, reliability and availability of the information for decision making.
These are some bonus points in forest processes, which can be obtained through an integrated forest management system, also supported in some cases by changes in the way of operating, and processes and procedures restructuring. Some gains are direct, such as fixed cost reduction to plan and control operations, increased productivity, and rework reduction, which reduce variable costs. Others are indirect, such as avoiding legal, labor, and environmental and tax problems. There are also the intangibles ones, such as assisting the compliance with certification requirements, improving the relationship with stakeholders and maintaining the corporate image.